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At the Gateway Primary Academy, we recognise the importance of a high-quality geography curriculum for all of our pupils. Our geography topics form an important part of our topic based curriculum and have been chosen to inspire our pupils. Our geography curriculum covers a diverse range of locations for example: Africa, the rainforest and the Lake District. It also covers the key physical and human processes and gives our pupils the understanding of the formation and use of a range of landscapes and environments.


Our geography curriculum is designed to develop our learners’ knowledge of the diversity of people and places in the global world around them and an understanding of environmental relationships and issues. It instils in our learners a curiosity and fascination about the world around them and the ability to study and care for future sustainability. Children learn to be future geographers by developing geographical study and research skills and the ability to analyse and communicate their findings using subject specific vocabulary.




Through our geography topics pupils study the physical and human features of the UK and world locations in comparison to their own location. They are taught geographical enquiry skills including map reading, interpreting sources, photographs and diagrams utilising the school environment to bring them to life. Children are taught about societies impact on the world around them and how they can make positive changes. Technology is used to bring the study of places alive through the experience of film, Google Earth and electronic mapping. Offsite visits enable pupils to develop fieldwork skills and experience geography first hand.

Links to other subjects enable pupils to express their knowledge through art, writing and drama.

National Curriculum

Our geography curriculum fulfils the following aims from the National Curriculum:

  • develop contextual knowledge of the location of globally significant places – both terrestrial and marine – including their defining physical and human characteristics and how these provide a geographical context for understanding the actions of processes
  • understand the processes that give rise to key physical and human geographical features of the world, how these are interdependent and how they bring about spatial variation and change over time. 
  • Our curriculum ensures our pupils are competent in the geographical skills needed to:
  • collect, analyse and communicate with a range of data gathered through experiences of fieldwork that deepen their understanding of geographical processes
  • Interpret a range of sources of geographical information, including maps, diagrams, globes, aerial photographs and Geographical Information Systems (GIS)
  • Communicate geographical information in a variety of ways, including through maps, numerical and quantitative skills and writing at length.

Global learning

Our geography curriculum has a strong element of global learning and all of our units contain opportunities for our pupils to reflect on humans’ impact on a global scale and what we can do to change it. An example of this is during the Year 5 rainforest unit, where the children explore the issue of deforestation and write persuasive letters and think about their choices. In Year 1, during the seaside unit, children explore our impact on the animals in the sea and how we can look after our environment.

How will your child be introduced to Geography in the early years?


Geography is introduced in the EYFS through the different topics explored each term.  Through the curriculum area of Understanding of the World, children develop an awareness of where they are: both at home, in school and the transitions between coming and going between and within these areas. They become more aware of what is around them and their close environment. Using the outdoor area allows our pupils to have a close relationship with the seasons and weather. They use a wide range of resources to explore the world around them such as props, maps, photographs and Google Street View. 

For more detailed information about the progression in knowledge and skills in Geography in our curriculum and what your child will be taught in each year group, please refer to the document below. 

Geography Work Across The School